Detecting

Presence of a Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers in an Athlete’s Sample

Using

Use or Attempted Use by an Athlete of a Prohibited Substance or a Prohibited Method

Refusing

Evading, Refusing or Failing to Submit to Sample Collection by an Athlete

Violation

Whereabouts Failures by an Athlete

Tampering

Tampering or Attempted Tampering with any Part of Doping Control by an Athlete or Other Person

Possession

Possession of a Prohibited Substance or a Prohibited Method by an Athlete or Athlete Support Person

Trafficking

Trafficking or Attempted Trafficking in any Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method by an Athlete or Other Person

Offering

Administration or Attempted Administration by an Athlete or Other Person to any Athlete In-Competition of any Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method, or Administration or Attempted Administration to any Athlete Out-of-Competition of any Prohibited Substance or any Prohibited Method that is Prohibited Out-of-Competition

Complicity

Complicity or Attempted Complicity by an Athlete or Other Person

Association

Prohibited Association by an Athlete or Other Person

Acts by an Athlete

Acts by an Athlete or Other Person to Discourage or Retaliate Against Reporting to Authorities

Advice for athletes

Doping is generally understood as the Use of prohibited substances. But in fact, other anti-doping rules violations It is classified as doping as well.